Posted By: Dr. Kranthi R Vardhan BAMS: MS( Counselling & Psychotherapy)
Women - Young and Old alike - are facing innumerable problems such as Menstrual Irregularities, Severe Pain and Discomfort during Menstruation, Excess and Heavy Bleeding, Absence of Menstruation, White Discharge, Infection, Infertility, Cysts, Fibroids and so on. Phenomenally high rates of women undergo Hysterectomies Today. But what is generally not known is that for all these problems of Women, Ayurveda offers Effective Treatments.
Stree Rogam (Gynaecology) and Prasuti tantra (Obstetrics) constitute among the eight branches of Ayurveda. Stree rogam deals with the Signs and Symptoms of various diseases related to Women along with the Diagnosis, Pathology and Treatment. Prasuti tantra is concerned with the methods of achieving excellence of Reproductive dhatu (tissue), measures for the maintenance of Healthy Pregnancy, Factors Injurious to Pregnancy, Abortion and its Management, Factors responsible for the inhibition of Foetal Growth and its Management, Dietary and other regimen for a Pregnant Woman, Child Delivery and Post-Natal Care.
Charaka Samhita says Women who are the source of Progeny are afflicted by various Yoni Vyapads (Genital Disorders). Hence there is a need to understand the various diseases of the Yoni with their Origin, Symptoms and Treatment. Thus Charaka Samhita describes 20 different types of Disorders pertaining to Women with their Effective Management and Cure.
Diseases of women arise as a result of improper Food and Regimen. This result in the derangement of the three Doshas, Vata, Pitta and Kapha along with the Blood, situated in the Reproductive Organ, giving rise to numerous diseases. Depending upon the combination of the doshas involved the diseases exhibit characteristic symptoms.
For example, when Vayu gets aggravated in the Genitals and Reproductive Organs, it gives rise to piercing and various kinds of Pain, Stiffness, a Sensation of Ants Crawling, Hardness and Numbness of the Vagina, Exhaustion, Thin and Rough Menstrual Bleeding, A feeling of Instant Relief after the Discharge of Menstrual Blood etc. Similarly, Burning Sensation, Inflammation, Swelling, Fever, Heat, Discolouration of Menstrual Blood, are some of the typical symptoms of aggravation of Pitta in the reproductive organ. Cold Itching Sensation in the Genitals with Mild Pain and Pale Menstrual Flow are some of the Symptoms of Aggravation of Kapha.
Bleeding after Conception, Painful Discharge of Menstrual Blood with Pain in the Back, Waist, Thigh and Groin, Prolapse of Uterus, Repeated Abortions, Non-retention of Semen in the Yoni, a fleshy growth in the Reproductive Organ, are some of the common disorders among the ones mentioned in the text. Ayurvedic texts pay special attention to Pradaram (Excessive and Heavy Menstrual Bleeding). This is one of the common and dreaded Gynaecological problems of today, which invariably ends in a Hysterectomy.
In General, all Chronic Gynaecological Disorders are treated at first by Mild application of the five Purificatory Therapies - what is known as the Panchakarma. Use of oil both Internally and Externally along with Mild Sudation is very Crucial to this Treatment. Innumerable combinations of Decoctions, Powders, Pills, Pastes, Oils, Ghees for Internal use, Ointments and Pastes for External Application, Medicinal Tampons, Vaginal Douche, and Fumigation are employed to cure these Disorders.